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Hypospadias Symptoms and Causes

Penile malformation, also called hypospadias, is a disorder in which the male urethral opening is not located at the tip of the penis, but rather on the underside of the penis. Hypospadias is a congenital birth defect that happens during fetal development and occurs in about three in 1,000 male births. Causes of hypospadias are unknown.

Symptoms of hypospadias include:

  • Urethral opening is located on the underside of the penis and, in more severe case, is located at the mid-shaft or base of the penis or located in or behind the scrotum.
  • Abnormal spraying of urine
  • Having to sit down to urinate
  • Malformed foreskin that makes the penis look "hooded"