Lead Poisoning Symptoms and Causes
About Lead Poisoning
Lead is a naturally occurring metal that has been spread through the environment in many ways. Lead used to be in paint and gasoline and can still be found in contaminated soil, household dust, drinking water, lead-glazed pottery and some metal jewelry.
According to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, lead poisoning, once a major environmental health hazard, has declined greatly in the past two to three decades. In 1978, elevated levels of lead in the blood occurred in three million to four million children in the U.S. However, that number decreased to approximately 310,000 cases of lead poisoning in children each year, and the number continues to decrease.
The Advisory Committee on Childhood Lead Poisoning Prevention states that children with the highest risk of having elevated blood lead levels live in metropolitan areas and in housing built before 1978. Additional risk factors include being from low-income families and being of African-American or Hispanic origin.
Lead Poisoning Symptoms
If not detected early, children with high levels of lead in their bodies can suffer from the following:
- Damage to the brain and nervous system
- Behavior and learning problems
- Slowed growth
- Hearing problems
In adults, lead poisoning may cause the following:
- Difficulties during pregnancy
- Reproductive problems in both men and women
- High blood pressure
- Digestive disorders
- Memory and concentration problems
- Muscle and joint pain
High levels of lead may also cause seizures, coma and death.
Lead Poisoning Causes
Ingesting dust from deteriorating lead-based paint is the most common cause of lead poisoning among children. Other sources of lead poisoning are dust and soil that are contaminated with lead from old paint and from past emissions of leaded gasoline, tap water in homes that have lead pipes, paint, and dust chips from old toys, furniture and certain hobby materials.