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Low Back Pain

Low Back Pain Symptoms and Causes

Low back pain can range from mild, dull or annoying pain to persistent, severe, disabling pain in the lower back. Pain in the lower back can restrict mobility and interfere with normal functioning. Even with today's technology, the exact cause of low back pain can be found in very few cases. In most cases, back pain may be a symptom of many different causes, including any/several of the following:

  • Overuse, strenuous activity, or improper use (ie, repetitive or heavy lifting, exposure to vibration for prolonged periods of time)
  • Trauma/injury/fracture
  • Degeneration of vertebrae (often caused by stresses on the muscles and ligaments that support the spine, or the effects of aging)
  • Infection
  • Abnormal growth (tumor)
  • Obesity (often caused by increased weight on the spine and pressure on the discs)
  • Poor muscle tone in the back
  • Muscle tension or spasm
  • Sprain or strain
  • Ligament or muscle tears
  • Joint problems (eg, spinal stenosis)
  • Smoking
  • Protruding or herniated (slipped) disk
  • Disease (eg, osteoarthritis, spondylitis, compression fractures)