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Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma

Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma Symptoms and Causes

Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma is one of a group of cancers of the blood and lymphatic systems known at hematologic malignancies treated by the world-renowned specialists at the Hematologic Malignancies Program at North Shore–LIJ Cancer Institute.

International Reputation for Excellence

The Hematologic Malignancies Program Service at North Shore-LIJ Health System offers state-of-the-art diagnostic and therapeutic approaches. Our cancer experts include world renowned leaders in both the study and frontline treatment of hematologic cancers. They work closely with an interdisciplinary team of specialists to provide compassionate and individualized care using the latest protocols of chemotherapy, immunotherapy and targeted drug therapy.

Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma: An Overview

Non-Hodgkin disease is a type of lymphoma, which is a cancer in the lymphatic system. The American Cancer Society estimates that there will be 66,360 new cases of non-Hodgkin lymphoma in 2011. NHL is the third most common cancer in childhood. Non-Hodgkin lymphoma causes the cells in the lymphatic system to abnormally reproduce, eventually causing tumors to grow. Non-Hodgkin lymphoma cells can also spread to other organs.There are several types of non-Hodgkin lymphoma, which are classified by how quickly they spread. 

What Are the Symptoms of Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma?

The following are the most common symptoms of non-Hodgkin lymphoma. However, each individual may experience symptoms differently. Symptoms may include:

  • Painless swelling of lymph nodes in neck, underarm and groin

  • Fever

  • Night sweats

  • Fatigue

  • Weight loss

  • Itching of the skin

  • Recurring infections 

The symptoms of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma may resemble other blood disorders or medical problems, such as influenza or other infections. Always consult your physician for a diagnosis.

What Are the Risk Factors for Non-Hodgkin's Lymphomas or Diseases?

Suggested risk factors include the following:

  • Genetic disease of the immune system

  • Exposure to radiation

  • Exposure to chemicals such as benzene and herbicides

  • Organ transplantation

  • Infections with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) or human T-cell leukemia/lymphoma virus (HTLV-1)

  • Infections with the parasite that causes malaria

  • History of infectious mononucleosis (caused by an infection with the Epstein-Barr virus).

  • Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) bacterium, which has been identified as a cause of stomach ulcers.

Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma or Disease Clinical Trials

The North Shore-LIJ Cancer Institute offers a full array of clinical trials. The result of this research not only impacts survival, but also enhances the quality of life. For more information about clinical trials for Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, visit Cancer Clinical Trials.

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