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Periodontal Disease

Periodontal Disease Symptoms and Causes

Periodontal diseases, also called gum diseases, are serious bacterial infections that destroy the gums and the surrounding tissues of the mouth. If the inflammation is left untreated, the disease will continue and the underlying bones around the teeth will dissolve, and will no longer be able to hold the teeth in place. Generally periodontal disease isn’t painful, so it is possible to have it and not be aware of it. A dentist specializing in periodontal disease is called a periodontist.

Periodontal Disease Symptoms:

The following are the most common symptoms of periodontal disease. However, each individual may experience symptoms differently. Symptoms may include:

  • Red, swollen, tender gums
  • Bleeding while brushing and/or flossing
  • Receding gums (gums that pull away from the teeth)
  • Loose or separating teeth
  • Persistent bad breath
  • Dentures no longer fit
  • Pus between the teeth and gums
  • A change in bite and jaw alignment

Periodontal Disease Causes:

As with many other oral health diseases, bacteria and plaque build-up is often the culprit. In fact, plaque build-up is the leading cause of gum disease. Other potential causes of gum disease include:

  • Genetics
  • Lifestyle choices
  • A diet low in nutrients
  • Smoking / the use of smokeless tobacco
  • Autoimmune or systemic diseases
  • Diabetes
  • Hormonal changes in the body
  • Bruxism (incessant clenching of the teeth)
  • Certain medications