Vaginal cancer is a rare form of cancer in which malignant cells are found in the tissues of the vagina. There are several types of cancer of the vagina. The most common are:
- Squamous cell cancer (squamous carcinoma)
- Squamous carcinoma is most often found in women between the ages of 60 and 80, and accounts for about 70 percent of all vaginal cancers.
- Adenocarcinoma is more often found in women older than 50 and accounts for about 15 percent of all vaginal cancers.
- A rare form of cancer called clear cell adenocarcinoma results from the use of the drug DES (diethylstilbestrol) given to pregnant women between 1945 and 1970 to keep them from miscarrying. It occurs more often in younger women.