Biliary and Pancreatic Endoscopy Treatments
Biliary endoscopy and pancreatic endoscopy, also known as endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP), is a diagnostic procedure that allows the physician to diagnose and treat problems in the liver, gallbladder, bile ducts and pancreas. The pancreatic endoscopy and biliary endoscopy procedure combines x-ray and the use of an endoscope – a long, flexible, lighted tube. The scope is guided through the patient's mouth and throat, then through the esophagus, stomach and duodenum (first part of the small intestine). The physician can examine the inside of these organs and detect any abnormalities. A tube is then passed through the scope, and a dye is injected which will allow the internal organs to appear on an x-ray.
Reasons for Biliary Endoscopy and Pancreatic Endoscopy (ERCP)
ERCP may be performed to assess the liver, gallbladder, biliary tree and/or pancreas and to determine the cause of unexplained abdominal pain or jaundice (yellowing of the skin and eyes due to bile pigments in the blood). ERCP may be used to obtain further diagnostic information in the presence of pancreatitis or cancer of the liver, pancreas or bile ducts.
The biliary endoscopy and pancreatic endoscopy procedure may also find blockages and/or stones in the bile ducts, fluid leakage from the bile or pancreatic ducts, obstructions or narrowing of the pancreatic ducts or tumors.