Breast surgery can be for cosmetic reasons or reasons related to a disease or defect. Common procedures include:
- Breast augmentation—Breast augmentation is performed to reshape the breast in order to make it larger. The procedure can also be performed to reconstruct the breast following breast surgery. A breast implant is used and is a silicone shell filled with either silicone gel or saline.
- Breast lift—A breast lift raises and firms the breasts by removing excess skin and tightening the surrounding tissue to reshape and support the new breast contour.
- Breast reconstruction—Breast reconstruction surgery involves creating a breast mound that comes as close as possible to the form and appearance of the natural breast. The goal is to create a breast mound that matches the opposite breast and to achieve symmetry. If both breasts have been removed, the goal of breast reconstructive surgery is to create both breast mounds approximately the size of the patient's natural breasts.
- Breast reduction—Breast reduction removes excess breast fat, glandular tissue and skin to achieve a breast size in proportion with the body and to alleviate the discomfort associated with overly large breasts.